Chinese Racism

This story is from NPR.  It’s about a mixed race contestant competing in a talent show in China and winds up unearthing racist sentiment. 

Most of our discussion of racism is focused on the American context of it between black and white and sometimes it’s easy to forget about the broader world of relationships.  One of my college frat brothers was the son of a foreign service officer and as such he had spent an extensive amount of time living abroad.  One of the things he always related to me was the idea of the color line that exists globally.  Generally, the darker one’s skin is, the more likely that he is going to occupy the lower rungs of the societal ladder regardless of where he may live.   According to other things I’ve read,  the Chinese exhibit a fair amount of bias among themselves due  to skin color; the whiter their skin, the more beautiful they perceive themselves and skin lightening cream is used toward that end.  The same thinking goes on in India and other places around the globe.

I believe that this is largely a function of the predominant culture having exported their standards, mores and worldviews in a global fashion.  Afterall, the Chinese, like others, were subjected to colonial domination and that’s one  fallout of it.  That’s not to excuse their bias so much as to offer an explanation for why it might exist.

Mixed-Race TV Contestant Ignites Debate In China

November 11, 2009

President Obama’s arrival in China on Sunday is being eagerly awaited by many people, especially one young woman in Shanghai. Lou Jing is of mixed race, with a Chinese mother and an African-American father. She became famous nationally after her participation in an American Idol-type program sparked a spate of vitriolic online racist abuse.

For Lou, the reality television show turned out to be a lesson in brutal reality. The talent contest is called Go! Oriental Angel, and the 20-year-old made it through preliminary rounds to become one of 30 contestants.

Lou is studying for a degree in television anchoring at Shanghai’s prestigious Theater Academy, and her teachers thought it would be a good opportunity. But from the very first, the focus was on her skin color.

Spotlight Cast Ugly Shadows

Introducing Lou, the host said, “her chocolate-colored skin lights up her sunny character.”

In a short yellow satin frock, Lou launched into a rap she had written to introduce herself to the audience. In retrospect, this moment probably marks the end of Lou’s innocence — and the start of a process of questioning her own identity.

“When I was young, I didn’t really know I was different from other people,” she says. “It was only after entering the competition that I realized I was different from others.”

The show drew attention to her background, which is very unusual for China. She was raised in a single-parent family by her Shanghainese mother, who is a teacher. Her African-American father, whom she has never met, returned to the United States without even knowing he had conceived a child in China.

On air, her mother, Sun Min, said she had only ever had one conversation with Lou about her father. She described how her then-7-year-old daughter had asked about him.

“I didn’t answer and immediately started crying,” Sun recalled. “From then on, Lou Jing never asked again.”

Painful Fallout

In her two months on air, Lou was nicknamed the “Chocolate Angel” and the “Black Pearl” by the media. She wasn’t bothered by these names, she says.

But online, the poison pens were venomous. Chinese posting messages on the Web criticized her skin color as “gross” and “ugly”; they called her shameless for appearing on television. The worst insults were reserved for her mother for having had a relationship with an African-American out of wedlock. Lou and her mother are now suing one Shanghai newspaper for libel.

There were online statements of support as well, but the verbal attacks stunned Lou.

“I looked at the posts and I cried. Then I didn’t look at them anymore. I decided I would do my best to go abroad to study,” she says.

The Obama Parallels

Lou sees Obama as a motivational figure and hopes his visit to China will be televised live. The parallels haven’t gone unnoticed: One well-known blogger and magazine publisher, Hong Huang, remarked that even as the U.S. was welcoming Obama to the White House, Chinese people were unable to accept a girl whose skin color was different.

China’s economic progress has been astounding, but Lou Jing’s cautionary tale exposes the fact that social attitudes still lag far behind.

For now, Lou is still on TV, guest-hosting a variety show showcasing different regional dialects. It’s a job she had lined up before her appearance on Oriental Angel, she says. Since then, she hasn’t had a single work offer — no advertising contracts or modeling jobs, either.

Her dream is of escape. She wants to study journalism at Columbia University. She believes the lack of knowledge about racism in China is such that many people didn’t even realize their comments were discriminatory or hurtful. But for her, the world suddenly seems a different place.

“Before, on the street, people might say things like, ‘How come she looks like that?’ But that was just a small number of people. When I was younger, I thought life was beautiful. Why is it that now I’ve grown up, I don’t think that anymore?” she says.

China still likes to think of itself as monocultural, but as it opens up — and more Chinese marry foreigners — the issue of what it means to be Chinese is emerging. Lou was born and bred in China, and never lived anywhere else, yet this latest saga has made her wonder whether she can ever really belong in China.

“I’ve always thought of myself as Shanghainese,” Lou says. “But after the competition, I started to have doubts about who I really am.”

For the show’s producers, putting Lou under the spotlight may have been a clever ploy to boost ratings. But the fallout has been painful: Her mother has stopped working, and when asked if she regrets appearing on the show, Lou replies: “If you beat me to death, I wouldn’t take part in that competition again.”


One Response to “Chinese Racism”
  1. PGUNN says:

    Wow!,…How is it that these very same Chinese citizens chose like many other Euro-Asian countries to forget the long history and great contributions people of color have made to their nations and to the world!…It is for China’s desire and, it’s desperate need of Euro-Anglo acceptance and for claims of a pure and unspoiled past that China to it’s detriment, will continue to embrace and defend with false reasoning such blatantly ignorant, arrogant Euro-Anglo racist attitudes towards people of color. Its own Black citizens are overlooked, scorned and almost unknown to the world; as if it were to China’s shame to admit to having such a people reside within their countries borders. Let them not forget that it was the Black man that first cultivated the land in China…It was these Black men who as it’s Emperors, unified the whole of China and ruled same through three long and productive dynasties (pre-Zhou). Prior to the Mongol dynasties that have and continue to benefit from the renaissance brought ages ago to the shores of mainland China by these people of color; the original black inhabitants cultivated rice in it’s soil, established a system of writing, art, mathematics, poetry and music in some form or another still used and spoken proudly of even to this day. We do now know that the oldest habitable areas in china have histories and customs linking directly to the people of color who had so long before come to China’s shores. However, China as all similarly viewed and acting cultures will not be truly respected throughout the world until it accepts and acknowledges it’s African related past, instead of embracing the beliefs that denying it’s past will assure it of a bright and regal future. Accept or reject, actual facts are the common thread which shall hold the people of the world together as we; our world citizens strive to manifest our higher expectations for world peace and prosperity…Peace!

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